Crime and Justice

United States

 Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

  • Time period: varies by dataset/statistics
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): varies by dataset/statistics
  • Unit of observation: aggregated; microdata
  • The BJS provides statistics and data on topics categorized in, for example, corrections, courts, crime type, law enforcement, and victims. View the data collections or use the Data Analysis Tools to access data from BJS or other sources. Includes National Crime Victimization Survey, which captures both reported and unreported crimes. Raw data are also available from surveys, censuses and other programs – codebooks and data files are posted on this page.

Campus Safety and Security (CSS) Data Analysis and Cutting Tool

  • Time period: 2003-present
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): institutions of higher education
  • Unit of observation: aggregated
  • From the US Department of Education, the Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool provides crimes by year on college and university campuses, as required to report by the Clery Act.

Federal Bureau of Investigation: Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Statistics

  • Time period: 1960-
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): city, county, state, national
  • Unit of observation: aggregated
  • The FBI UCR program collects statistics on violent crime (murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) and property crime (burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft). Use their Table-building Tool to access statistics such as counts and rates of crimes. The UCR statistics are also accessible from Data-Planet for UVa affiliated users.  Statistics in print going back to 1930.

General Social Survey (GSS)

  • Time period: 1972- (varies by variable)
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): national
  • Unit of observation: individual
  • The GSS monitors American public attitudes and behaviors on a variety of topics. Find crime related variables from survey questions regarding, for example, immigration and crime, restrictions and crime, importance of crime issue, and more. Use the GSS Data Explorer to extract data of your interests.

Hall of Justice by the Sunlight Foundation

  • Time period: varies
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): national, state, some cities
  • “While not comprehensive, Hall of Justice contains nearly 10,000 datasets and research documents from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and the federal government.”  Good place to start your search, especially for state-level data.

Historical Violence Database

  • Time period: generally between 1600s-2000s (varies by dataset)
  • Geographic coverage: US and other countries
  • Geographic unit(s): generally city, state, country (varies by dataset)
  • Unit of observation: individual
  • The Criminal Justice Center at the Ohio State University hosts the Historical Violence Database –a collaborative project on the history of violent crime, violent death and collective violence. The quantitative data files are (or will be) available in spreadsheets, while the qualitative data are (or will be) available as images and text files of original documents.

ICPSR

  • Time period: varies by dataset
  • Geographic coverage: mostly US, some other countries and global
  • Geographic unit(s): mostly state and nation
  • Unit of observation: individual, aggregated (varies by dataset)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) is one of the world’s oldest and largest social science data repositories and contains many large-scale studies. Find crime related studies and datasets such as crime polls and surveys, arrest rates, armed criminals, crime prevention, criminal justice policy and law, crime in schools, and many more.

Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA)

  • Time period: varies by state
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): state
  • Unit of observation: aggregated
  • The JRSA maintains a list of Statistical Analysis Centers (SACs) of 51 US states and territories.  The SACs perform activities such as collect, analyze and distribute criminal justice data at the state and local levels.

National Archive of Criminal Justice (NACJD)

  • Time period: varies by dataset
  • Geographic coverage: US and international
  • Geographic unit(s): varies by dataset
  • Unit of observation: aggregated, microdata (varies by dataset)
  • The NACJD provides aggregated statistics and microdata from censuses, surveys and government studies. Find crime and justice data in categories such as attitude surveys, community studies, corrections, courts, homicide, police, victimization, and more.

National Longitudinal Surveys

  • Time period: birth year cohorts 1906-21, 1922-37, 1941-52, 1943-53, 1957-64, 1980-84
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): (restricted use geocode data) ZIP code, tract, MSA, county, state
  • Unit of observation: individual
  • The National Longitudinal Surveys is a program of the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. The surveys contain a wide array of topics, e.g., labor market activity, schooling, fertility, health and more. Find crime information such as criminal behavior as well as alcohol and drug use.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

  • Time period: varies by dataset
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): county, state, national
  • Unit of observation: aggregated, some microdata
  • The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) provides statistics and data on juvenile crime, victimization, and youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Use their Data Analysis Tools to find data of law enforcement, juvenile court, corrections. The Compendium of National Juvenile Justice Datasets provide data of a range of topics such as violent juvenile offenders, student victimization at school, sexual activity, and substance use.

PolicyMap

  • Time period: mostly 2000-
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): block group, tract, city, county, state, ZIP code, congressional district
  • Unit of observation: varied
  • PolicyMap is an online data and mapping tool that enables researchers to access data about communities and markets across the United States. It contains over 15,000 continuously updated datasets related to crime, demographics, economy, health, education, quality of life and more.  Look for Quality of Life > Crime.

Statistical Abstract of the United States

  • Time period: 1930-
  • Geographic coverage: US
  • Geographic unit(s): mostly state and region
  • Unit of observation: statistics
  • The Statistical Abstract of the United States provides comprehensive summary of statistics related to criminal justice such as crime victims, homicide, violence, assault, sex crimes, drug and narcotics offenses, firearms, correctional institutions, domestic violence, and more. The source notes can be used to find more detailed tables and machine-readable datasets.
International

ICPSR

  • Time period: varies by dataset
  • Geographic coverage: mostly US, some other countries and global
  • Geographic unit(s): mostly state and nation
  • Unit of observation: individual, aggregated (varies by dataset)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) is one of the world’s oldest and largest social science data repositories and contains many large-scale studies. Find crime related studies and datasets such as crime polls and surveys, arrest rates, armed criminals, crime prevention, criminal justice policy and law, crime in schools, and many more.

Historical Violence Database

  • Time period: generally between 1600s-2000s (varies by dataset)
  • Geographic coverage: US and other countries
  • Geographic unit(s): generally city, state, country (varies by dataset)
  • Unit of observation: individual
  • The Criminal Justice Center at the Ohio State University hosts the Historical Violence Database –a collaborative project on the history of violent crime, violent death and collective violence. The quantitative data files are (or will be) available in spreadsheets, while the qualitative data are (or will be) available as images and text files of original documents.

International Crime Victim Surveys (ICVS)

  • Time period: 1989-2000/1
  • Geographic coverage: international
  • Geographic unit(s): city, country, region
  • Unit of observation: respondent
  • The ICVS, a series of “victimization” survey, measures how citizens in a large number of countries feel about their security and safety. The data files are available in SPSS and portable formats.

National Archive of Criminal Justice (NACJD)

  • Time period: varies by dataset
  • Geographic coverage: US and international
  • Geographic unit(s): varies by dataset
  • Unit of observation: aggregated, microdata (varies by dataset)
  • The NACJD provides aggregated statistics and microdata from censuses, surveys and government studies. Find crime and justice data in categories such as attitude surveys, community studies, corrections, courts, homicide, police, victimization, and more.

UNData

  • Time period: varies
  • Geographic coverage: International
  • Geographic unit(s): varies by source
  • UN Data is a portal for finding data from the UN, OECD, IMF, and more.  Databases related to Crime and Justice include: UNODC Homicide Statistics.

UNODC Statistics

  • Time period: varies by indicator
  • Geographic coverage: international
  • Geographic unit(s): national
  • Unit of observation: aggregated
  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime provides research reports and statistics on crime, criminal justice, drug trafficking and prices, drug production, and drug use from around the world. The indicators can be extracted and downloaded in Excel and PDF forms.
Useful Books

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics

  • Time period: 1974-2003
  • Geographic coverage: USA
  • From the Bureau of Justice Statistics.  Useful compendium of statistics.  Even though no new editions will be issued, still useful as it points to where data are collected.  Also online.

Crime in Virginia

  • Time period: 1999-present
  • Geographic coverage: Virginia
  • From the Virginia State Police.  Compiled statistics of crimes in Virginia.